In 1876 a law endorsed the construction of walls along the Tiber to prevent it from flooding the City. The walls achieved their objective, but they divided Rome from the river: the harbours of Ripetta and Ripa Grande were closed, the beaches of Regola and Rinella disappeared; the mills, the ferries and the other activities
associated with the river were discontinued.
For some time the Lungo Tevere (the avenues built on the walls) attracted couples in love in search of some privacy, but in the 1950s
lovers stopped to hide below the trees of Lungo Tevere to steal thousands of kisses.
(red numbers) Bridges along the itinerary; (blue numbers) bridges outside the itinerary and not covered in this page: 1) Ponte Quattro Capi; 2) Ponte Rotto; 3) Ponte Palatino (it can be seen behind Ponte Rotto); 4) Nuovo Ponte Sublicio (it can be seen in a page covering Porto di Ripa Grande)
In 2003 the City of Rome introduced a boat service which gives an opportunity to Romans and tourists to have a hint at the former close relationship between the city and the Tiber. Boats similar to Paris' bateaux mouches carry guided tours, but there is also a transportation service at the cost of an ordinary bus ticket (1 euro in 2007): this page covers the journey of this line. The narrowness of the river bed and the height of the walls limit the view of the buildings along the river banks, yet the trip offers some interesting views.
The boat starts its journey on the right bank at Lungotevere degli Anguillara, at the site of the very first crossing of the river at Isola Tiberina; the small island is protected by low walls which allow viewing its monuments. In the XIXth century the river bed was enlarged to increase its discharge and two arches were added to Ponte Cestio.
(above) Ponte Giuseppe Garibaldi (2); (below) Ponte Giuseppe Mazzini (4) and behind it Ponte Sisto (3)
The traditional accesses to Trastevere via the bridges of Isola Tiberina and Ponte Sisto were not adequate
to the needs of modern life: for this reason in 1888 a large bridge dedicated to Giuseppe Garibaldi was built between them: it had an iron structure which in the 1950s was replaced by reinforced-concrete:
on that occasion the bridge was significantly enlarged.
The boat then goes through Ponte Sisto and reaches another modern bridge dedicated to Giuseppe Mazzini: it was built in 1904-08, as part of a larger plan to design a grand access to the Janiculum for the 50th anniversary of the Italian Unity (1911). The project was not carried on: it was reconsidered in the 1930s, but work never started. The plan involved pulling down Regina Coeli, a large prison built on the site of a monastery and introducing major changes to the XVIIIth century gardens of Villa Corsini.
(above) Ponte Principe Amedeo di Savoia, Duca d'Aosta (5); (below) Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II (6)
The expansion of Rome on the hills behind the Vatican led to the development of a
route to link these new quarters with the centre of Rome: Ponte Principe Amedeo and a tunnel under the hill of Sant'Onofrio provided a direct access to Porta Cavalleggeri and from there to the new quarters. The bridge is dedicated to Amedeo di Savoia Aosta (1898-1942),
a member of the Royal Family who was Governor of Ethiopia at the start of WWII and vainly tried to defend that territory. The bridge was completed in 1942 shortly after Amedeo's death in a prison camp and it is among the last monuments of the Fascist period.
The next bridge dedicated to King Victor Emmanuel II is described in a section of the Abridged History of Rome.
(above) Ponte Umberto I (8); (below) Ponte Cavour (9)
The two following bridges were designed by Angelo Vescovali in 1892-95 and 1898-1901; they provided a link between the historical city and Prati, a new development on the meadows outside Porta Castello. They were dedicated to Umberto I, the second king of Italy (1878-1900) and to Count Camillo Benso di Cavour. Ponte Cavour is located on the site of the former Porto di Ripetta.
(above) Ponte Regina Margherita (10); (below) Ponte Matteotti (11)
A third bridge leading to Prati was dedicated to Margherita, King Umberto' wife and the first Queen of Italy. Victor Emmanuel II became the first King of Italy in 1861: he was a widower because his
wife Maria Adelaide had died in 1855 giving birth to the couple's eighth child. In 1869
he married Rosa Vercellone, his principal mistress; but because she was a commoner the marriage was a morganatic one and la bela Rusin (beautiful Rose) did not acquire the status of a queen.
Margherita, was first cousin of Umberto and their marriage was a love affair: she was a woman of rare beauty. After the assassination of her husband in 1900 she became Queen Mother and went to live in a palace built by the Ludovisi Boncompagni and which is commonly named after her.
The next bridge is the first one to be located outside the historical centre of Rome: the walls are replaced by high banks on both sides of the river. It was built in 1929 and it vaguely resembles Ponte Sisto. It was called Ponte Littorio (a reference to the symbol of Fascism), but after WWII it was dedicated to Giacomo Matteotti, a member of the Italian Parliament who was kidnapped and killed in 1924 for his opposition to Mussolini.
Scalo Francesco de Pinedo
In the 1920s seaplanes were regarded as a viable alternative to ordinary aircraft. The Fascist government promoted their development and some long distance flights: in 1925 Francesco de Pinedo, an Italian aviator flew (in six months) from Rome to Australia, to Tokyo and back to Rome: he landed on the Tiber and the event was celebrated by dedicating an existing (smaller) copy of the lost Porto di Ripetta to him.
Rowing where the river has a countryside appearance
After Scalo de Pinedo the landscape tends to become a rural one and curtains of trees hide the buildings; some barges are moored along the river banks; they usually belong to rowing clubs.
(left) The facilities of an upscale rowing club; (right) an immigrants' shelter on the river shore
Some of the rowing clubs have a membership more interested in social events and business dealings, than in actual rowing. Waiting lists for membership are pretty long:
admission criteria however do not seem to be very strict on ethical matters: Cesare Previti, a key member (Defence Minister)
of Mr Berlusconi's cabinet, who ended up in jail for bribing judges, was a prominent member of one such club.
Opposites meet: a very different tribe lives next door to the very rich: some immigrants have their makeshift shelters under the trees on the river banks.
(above) Ponte Risorgimento (12); (below) Ponte Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta (13)
In 1911 the 50th anniversary of the Italian Unity was celebrated (among other events) with an exhibition located on both sides of the Tiber; for the occasion the
first reinforced-concrete bridge of Rome was designed by François Hennebique, a French engineer who pioneered this construction system. The bridge was dedicated to il Risorgimento, the process which led to the Italian Unity.
Another member of the Royal Family was celebrated in a bridge built in 1939 by Vincenzo Fasolo as a grand entrance to Foro Italico. The bridge was dedicated to Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia Aosta, who commanded one of the Italian armies during WWI. He was the father of Amedeo to whom bridge 5) is dedicated.
The trip ends at Ponte Emanuele Filiberto, but when the boat turns to start the return journey it is possible to catch a glimpse of Ponte Milvio, one of the oldest bridges of Rome.
Other Days of Peace pages:
A Sunny Day in Villa Borghese
At the Flea Market
At the Beach
Voicing Your Views ..... and feeling better
Christmas in Rome
Celebrating the Foundation of Rome
A visit to Roseto di Roma
The procession of La Madonna de Noantri
Running the Marathon
Visiting Multi-ethnic Rome
Finding Solace at the Protestant Cemetery
Attending 2007 July Events
Rome's Sleepless Night
Attending Winter Ceremonies
Jogging at Valle delle Camene
Visiting Rome at Dawn
An October Outing to Marino
A Special Spring Weekend
Watching the Parade
Attending a Funeral ...and enjoying it!
Embassy-hunting in Parioli
Visiting Rome on a Hop-on-Hop-off Bus
Visiting Rome in the Moonlight
Celebrating Eritrean Michaelmas in Rome
Playing in the Snow at the Janiculum
Watching the Pride Parade
Reading Ovid at St. Peter's
Reading Memoirs of Hadrian at Villa Adriana
Visiting the Movie Sets at Cinecittà
Looking up at the Ceilings of the Vatican Palaces
Spending the Last Roman Day at St. John Lateran's Cloister
Reading Seneca at Caracalla's Baths
Walking the Dog at Valle della Caffarella