Home

Visit Rome following 8 XVIIIth century itineraries XVIIIth century Rome in the 10 Books of Giuseppe Vasi - Le Magnificenze di Roma Antica e Moderna The Grand View of Rome by G. Vasi The Environs of Rome: Frascati, Tivoli, Albano and other small towns near Rome A 1781 map of Rome by G. Vasi An 1852 map of Rome by P. Letarouilly Rome seen by a 1905 armchair traveller in the paintings by Alberto Pisa The 14 historical districts of Rome An abridged history of Rome How to spend a peaceful day in Rome Baroque sculptors and their works The coats of arms of the popes in the monuments of Rome Pages on a specific pope Pages complementing the itineraries and the views by Giuseppe Vasi Walks in the Roman countryside and in other towns of Latium following Ferdinand Gregorovius A Directory of links to the Churches of Rome A Directory of links to the Palaces and Villas of Rome A Directory of links to the Other Monuments of Rome A Directory of Baroque Architects with links to their works A Directory of links to Monuments of Ancient Rome A Directory of links to Monuments of Medieval Rome A Directory of links to Monuments of Renaissance A Directory of links to Monuments of the Late Renaissance A list of the most noteworthy Roman Families Directories of fountains, obelisks, museums, etc. Books and guides used for developing this web site An illustrated Glossary of Art Terms Venice and the Levant Roman recollections in Florence A list of Italian towns shown in this web site Venetian Fortresses in Greece Vienna seen by an Italian XVIIIth century traveller A list of foreign towns shown in this web site
What's New!

Detailed Sitemap

All images © by Roberto Piperno, owner of the domain. Write to romapip@quipo.it. Text edited by Rosamie Moore.

To my Italian visitors

The "Rioni" of Rome

The districts of Rome were defined in a precise manner in 1743 by Pope Benedict XIV. The area inside the walls was divided into 14 districts called Rioni. One of the criteria followed in the definition of the districts was to have an even distribution of the population, at the time grouped near the river. This explains why the area of the rioni is so different.

Map of the rioni Opens the page on Monti Opens the page on Trevi Opens the page on Colonna Opens the page on Campo Marzio Opens the page on Ponte Opens the page on Parione Opens the page on Regola Opens the page on Sant'Eustachio Opens the page on Pigna Opens the page on Campitelli Opens the page on Sant'Angelo Opens the page on Ripa Opens the page on Trastevere Opens the page on Borgo
The 14 rioni of Rome on a late XIXth century map

Legend:
  • I - Monti
  • II - Trevi
  • III - Colonna
  • IV - Campo Marzio
  • V - Ponte
  • VI - Parione
  • VII - Regola
  • VIII - Sant'Eustachio
  • IX - Pigna
  • X - Campitelli
  • XI - Sant'Angelo
  • XII - Ripa
  • XIII - Trastevere
  • XIV - Borgo
The rioni were identified by inscriptions put at the border between two rioni: they always come in a pair on both sides of a street. When there is only one inscription then the building on the opposite side of the street is modern. The frames of the inscriptions follow an Ancient Rome pattern. In addition to the number and the name, the rioni were identified by a symbol, a sort of coat of arms.

The decision to divide Rome into fourteen quarters was in part suggested by the fact that also Ancient Rome was divided into fourteen regiones (hence rioni); thus Rome was also called Urbs regionum quatuordecim.

Map of the ancient and new rioni
Approximate borders of the Regions (in red) of Ancient Rome

The division of Ancient Rome into fourteen regiones was introduced by
Augustus to provide Rome with a new administrative structure which could meet the requirements of a very large city. The regiones were not limited by the walls which were built nearly 300 years later and they were only known by their number (as we still do for the arrondissements of Paris), but over time they were referred to by mentioning a monument or a hill included in the region. Transtiberim (Trastevere) was the only region of Ancient Rome on the right bank of the Tiber.
The table below provides an approximate relationship between the modern (in blue) and the ancient (in red) division of Rome.

It shows how the most populated areas of Ancient Rome (on the hills) were abandoned in favour of locations close to the river.
For this reason three modern rioni (Monti, Campitelli, Ripa) covered the same area of 10 ancient regiones, while a single regio (Circus Flaminius) was in the XVIIIth century divided into more than 6 rioni.

RioneCorresponding toRomana RegioCorresponding to
I-MontiII-Caelimontium
III-Isis et Serapis
IV-Templum Pacis
V-Esquiliae
VI-Alta Semita (in part)
I-Porta CapenaX-Campitelli (in part)
II-TreviVI-Alta Semita (in part)
VII-Via Lata (in part)
II-CaelimontiumI-Monti (in part)
III-ColonnaVI-Alta Semita (in part)
VII-Via Lata (in part)
IX-Circus Flaminius (in part)
III-Isis et SerapisI-Monti (in part)
IV-Campo MarzioVII-Via Lata (in part)
IX-Circus Flaminius (in part)
IV-Templum PacisI-Monti (in part)
V-PonteIX-Circus Flaminius (in part)V-EsquiliaeI-Monti (in part)
VI-ParioneIX-Circus Flaminius (in part)VI-Alta SemitaI-Monti (in part)
II-Trevi (in part)
III-Colonna (in part)
VII-RegolaIX-Circus Flaminius (in part)VII-Via LataII-Trevi (in part)
III-Colonna (in part)
IV-Campo Marzio (in part)
VIII-Sant'EustachioIX-Circus Flaminius (in part)VIII-Forum RomanumX-Campitelli (in part)
IX-PignaIX-Circus Flaminius (in part)IX-Circus FlaminiusII-Trevi (in part)
III-Colonna (in part)
IV-Campo Marzio (in part)
V-Ponte
VI-Parione
VII-Regola
VIII-Sant'Eustachio
IX- Pigna
XI-Sant'Angelo
X-CampitelliI-Porta Capena
VIII-Forum Romanum
X-Palatium
X-PalatiumX-Campitelli (in part)
XI-Sant'AngeloIX-Circus Flaminius (in part)XI-Circus MaximusXII-Ripa (in part)
XII-RipaXI-Circus Maximus
XII-Piscina Publica
XIII-Aventinus
XII-Piscina PublicaXII-Ripa (in part)
XIII-TrastevereXIV-TranstiberimXIII-AventinusXII-Ripa (in part)
XIV-BorgoOutside the walls of Ancient RomeXIV-TranstiberimXIII-Trastevere

In 1921 the rioni were increased from 14 to 22:
I-Monti was divided into 3 rioni (Monti, Esquilino, Castro Pretorio);
II-Colonna was divided into 2 rioni (Colonna and Ludovisi);
III-Trevi was divided into 2 rioni (Trevi and Sallustiano);
X-Campitelli was divided into 2 rioni (Campitelli and Celio);
XII-Ripa was divided into 3 rioni (Ripa, Testaccio, San Saba);
the area north of Porta Castello became a new rione: Prati.
Today (2004) Rome is divided into 20 municipalities: the first one includes all the historical rioni, with the exception of Borgo.

You can now start your tour of the Rioni.

I - MontiII - Trevi
III - ColonnaIV - Campo Marzio
V - PonteVI - Parione
VII - RegolaVIII - Sant'Eustachio
IX - PignaX - Campitelli
XI - Sant'AngeloXII - Ripa
XIII - TrastevereXIV - Borgo