You may wish to read an introduction to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nations first.
Perchtoldsdorf is a small residential town at commuting distance from Vienna, but it is still surrounded by vineyards and woods; it has retained the atmosphere of its old days and several monuments of its past.
View from the market square
Perchtoldsdorf is almost entirely made up of the houses around its large
market square and along a few short alleys departing from it. It served both as a trade and military post being
located to the south-west of Vienna on a route protected by a series of medieval castles.
The market square offers a fine view over the (much re-Gothicized) Parish church, the Turm (defensive tower) and the Pestsaule, the three main monuments of Perchtoldsdorf.
(left) Pestsaule, a column celebrating the end of a pestilence; (centre) St. Leonard of Noblac, patron of the prisoners of war; (right) relief depicting an angel sheathing his sword, a sign that the pestilence was ending
The citizens of Perchtoldsdorf, who were in the region of maybe 1,500, were able to erect in 1714 such an elaborate Pestsaule by using the shrewd and practical mentality of peasants. It is said that they bought part of the statues and reliefs which decorate the monument at very low prices because they had been rejected at a competition for the Graben Pestsaule of Vienna. This theory is supported by the fact that the main relief shows Vienna and not Perchtoldsdorf being freed from the pestilence.
Views of the remaining walls of the castle and Martinikapelle
The fortifications of Perchtoldsdorf were not limited to the imposing square tower, built between 1450 and 1521, but included walls surrounding the market square and a castle, located on the top of the hill, which served as the baronial residence. Martinikapelle is a small chapel adjoining the castle: it was built between 1512 and 1520 and it shows the persistence of Gothic patterns in the countryside.
Memories of the Ottoman conquest in the parish church and at a coffee-house ("At the Turkish Cannon Ball", a sugar confection made of marzipan, honey and coffee covered with dark chocolate)
The fortifications of Perchtoldsdorf proved effective during the first siege of Vienna (1529), but they failed to be so in 1683. Apparently the citizens of Perchtoldsdorf were not sufficiently trained in musketry: they made a gallant sally, but fired their weapons all at once; then they had to recharge them, but the Ottomans did not give them the time to do it and Perchtoldsdorf was sacked and many inhabitants were killed. The image used as background for this page shows a detail of a statue of an Ottoman prisoner in a console at Palazzo Colonna in Rome.
Spitalskirche is an early XVth century Gothic church which owes its name to a now
Knappenhof is a small XVIIIth century palace which shows that the Baroque patterns which developed in Vienna spread to the countryside. This tint of yellow painting is named after Empress Maria Theresa, who had a predilection for it: in Italy it is named after the town of Parma, because it was brought there by Marie Louise, the Austrian archduchess who was the second wife of Napoleon and who ruled the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza in 1814-1847.
Pages in this section of the website in recommended order:
Introduction: the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nations
The 1683 Siege of Vienna
XVIIth century churches
XVIIth century palaces
Monuments celebrating the end of plagues
The walls of Vienna
XVIIIth century churches
XVIIIth century palaces
Italian cultural and artistic influence
A political manifesto: Karlskirche
Churches without the walls
Palaces and Villas without the walls
A day in the countryside: Perchtoldsdorf
in other sections of this website:
Vindobona, Roman Vienna